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An OGCM study of the impact of rain and river water forcing on the Bay of Bengal

Behara, Ambica and Vinayachandran, PN (2016) An OGCM study of the impact of rain and river water forcing on the Bay of Bengal. In: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, 121 (4). pp. 2425-2446.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011325

Abstract

Individual and combined effects of rainfall and river discharge on the Bay of Bengal (BoB) is investigated using an Ocean General Circulation Model. A set of four sensitivity experiments, forced with same air-sea heat flux, but retaining either river runoff or rainfall or both is carried out. These experiments show that the river water is exported out of the bay along the western boundary during winter and rain water along the eastern boundary during summer. Runoff leads to a large (>3 psu) decrease in salinity in the northern bay during summer and along the western boundary during winter, with a weaker contribution from rainfall. The sea surface temperature response to freshwater forcing shows large spatial variations with eastern bay showing higher differences. The northwestern bay warms by similar to 1.5 degrees C in the presence of freshwater during summer, due to greater heat absorption within a shallow mixed layer (ML). This warming is caused in nearly equal proportions by rain and river water in early summer, but the contribution by river water dominates during peak and withdrawal phases of the summer monsoon. Northeastern bay, in contrast, is cooler by 1.5-3 degrees C in the presence of freshwater, caused primarily by river runoff, owing to the winter cooling over a thin ML. Temperature inversions form due to surface cooling of a river stratified layer during winter in the northwestern bay and due to radiation penetrating below the ML during summer in the northeastern bay.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION, 2000 FLORIDA AVE NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20009 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2016 07:25
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2016 07:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55172

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