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The Termination Phase in Protein Synthesis is not Obligatorily Followed by the RRF/EF-G-Dependent Recycling Phase

Qin, Bo and Yamamoto, Hiroshi and Ueda, Takuya and Varshney, Umesh and Nierhaus, Knud H (2016) The Termination Phase in Protein Synthesis is not Obligatorily Followed by the RRF/EF-G-Dependent Recycling Phase. In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 428 (18, SI). pp. 3577-3587.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2016.05.019

Abstract

It is general wisdom that termination of bacterial protein synthesis is obligatorily followed by recycling governed by the factors ribosomal recycling factor (RRF), EF-G, and IF3, where the ribosome dissociates into its subunits. In contrast, a recently described 70S-scanning mode of initiation holds that after termination, scanning of 70S can be triggered by fMet-tRNA to the initiation site of a downstream cistron. Here, we analyze the apparent conflict. We constructed a bicistronic mRNA coding for luciferases and showed with a highly resolved in vitro system that the expression of the second cistron did not at all depend on the presence of active RRF. An in vivo analysis cannot be performed in a straightforward way, since RRF is essential for viability and therefore, the RRF gene cannot be knocked out. However, we found an experimental window, where the RRF amount could be reduced to below 2.5%, and in this situation, the expression of the second cistron of a bicistronic luciferase mRNA was only moderately reduced. Both in vitro and in vivo results suggested that RRF-dependent recycling is not an obligatory step after termination, in agreement with the previous findings concerning 70S-scanning initiation. In this view, recycling after termination is a special case of the general RRF function, which happens whenever fMet-tRNA is not available for triggering 70S scanning. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, 24-28 OVAL RD, LONDON NW1 7DX, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2016 09:47
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 09:47
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55076

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