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Hair mercury concentrations in residents of Sundarban and Calcutta, India

Gibb, Herman and O'Leary, Keri Grace and Sarkar, Santosh Kumar and Wang, Jing and Liguori, Lisa and Rainis, Holly and Smith, Katy A and Chatterjee, Mousumi (2016) Hair mercury concentrations in residents of Sundarban and Calcutta, India. In: ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 150 . pp. 616-621.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.03.028

Abstract

Few studies on hair mercury have been conducted in India despite the fact that India is the world's third largest producer of coal and coal is India's primary energy source. No studies have been conducted in the Indian state of West Bengal which has a coastline with the Bay of Bengal. This study examined the concentration of mercury in hair in two diverse populations in West Bengal, India: Sundarban, a mangrove wetland where fishing is a common occupation, and Calcutta, a megacity and India's oldest functioning port. Individuals from whom scalp hair was collected (N = 100) were asked a series of questions on occupation, education, age, smoking and alcohol consumption, and fish consumption. SAS was utilized to generate descriptive statistics including frequency and univariate analyses and to perform regression analyses to determine significant predictors of hair mercury in this population. The mean hair mercury increased across the first three age categories ( < 21,21-30,31-45) and decreased in the fourth category ( > 45). Hair mercury concentration was significantly higher among residents of Sundarban compared to Calcutta (p = 0.0005). In multivariable analysis, location (Sundarban vs. Calcutta) and age were significant predictors of hair mercury concentration (p = 0.0120 and p = 0.0161, respectively). Average hair mercury concentrations in this study were not particularly elevated. Smoking and alcohol consumption were predictors of hair mercury concentration. The hair mercury in Sundarban residents compared to Calcutta residents may be elevated due to greater consumption of fish and type of fish consumed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE, 525 B ST, STE 1900, SAN DIEGO, CA 92101-4495 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2016 09:45
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 09:45
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/55073

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