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L-Lactate mediates neuroprotection against ischaemia by increasing TREK1 channel expression in rat hippocampal astrocytes in vitro

Banerjee, Aditi and Ghatak, Swagata and Sikdar, Sujit Kumar (2016) L-Lactate mediates neuroprotection against ischaemia by increasing TREK1 channel expression in rat hippocampal astrocytes in vitro. In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY, 138 (2). pp. 265-281.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jnc.13638

Abstract

Brain ischaemia is a highly debilitating condition where shortage of oxygen and glucose leads to profuse cell death. Lactate is a neuroprotective metabolite whose concentrations increase up to 15-30mmol/L during ischaemia and TREK1 is a neuroprotective potassium channel which is upregulated during ischaemia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of l-lactate on TREK1 expression and to evaluate the role of l-lactate-TREK1 interaction in conferring neuroprotection in ischaemia-prone hippocampus. We show that 15-30mmol/L l-lactate increases functional TREK1 protein expression by 1.5-3-fold in hippocampal astrocytes using immunostaining and electrophysiology. Studies with transcription blocker actinomycin-D and quantitative PCR indicate that the increase in TREK1 expression is due to enhanced TREK1 mRNA transcription. We further report that l-lactate-mediated increase in TREK1 expression is via protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent pathway. This is the first report of an ischaemic metabolite affecting functional expression of an ion channel. Our studies in an invitro model of ischaemia using oxygen glucose deprivation show that 30mmol/L l-lactate fails to reduce cell death in rat hippocampal slices treated with TREK1 blockers, PKA inhibitors and gliotoxin. The above effects were specific to l-lactate as pyruvate failed to increase TREK1 expression and reduce cell death. l-Lactate-induced TREK1 upregulation is a novel finding of physiological significance as TREK1 channels contribute to neuroprotection by enhancing potassium buffering and glutamate clearance capacity of astrocytes. We propose that l-lactate promotes neuronal survival in hippocampus by increasing TREK1 channel expression via PKA pathway in astrocytes during ischaemia.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY-BLACKWELL, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2016 05:22
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2016 05:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54702

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