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Watering holes: The use of arboreal sources of drinking water by Old World monkeys and apes

Sharma, Narayan and Huffman, Michael A and Gupta, Shreejata and Nautiyal, Himani and Mendonca, Renata and Morino, Luca and Sinha, Anindya (2016) Watering holes: The use of arboreal sources of drinking water by Old World monkeys and apes. In: BEHAVIOURAL PROCESSES, 129 . pp. 18-26.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2016.05.006

Abstract

Water is one of the most important components of an animal's diet, as it is essential for life. Primates, as do most animals, procure water directly from standing or free-flowing sources such as pools, ponds and rivers, or indirectly by the ingestion of certain plant parts. The latter is frequently described as the main source of water for predominantly arboreal species. However, in addition to these, many species are known to drink water accumulated in tree-holes. This has been commonly observed in several arboreal New World primate species, but rarely reported systematically from Old World primates. Here, we report observations of this behaviour from eight great ape and Old World monkey species, namely chimpanzee, orangutan, siamang, western hoolock gibbon, northern pig-tailed macaque, bonnet macaque, rhesus macaque and the central Himalayan langur. We hypothesise three possible reasons why these primates drink water from tree-holes: (1) coping with seasonal or habitat-specific water shortages, (2) predator/human conflict avoidance, and (3) potential medicinal benefits. We also suggest some alternative hypotheses that should be tested in future studies. This behaviour is likely to be more prevalent than currently thought, and may have significant, previously unknown, influences on primate survival and health, warranting further detailed studies. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2016 06:53
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 09:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54651

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