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The effect of sulfur on the phase formation of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell material

Sripan, Chinnaiyah and Ganesan, R and Vinod, E M and Viswanath, Annamraju Kasi (2016) The effect of sulfur on the phase formation of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell material. In: MATERIALS LETTERS, 180 . pp. 295-297.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.05.027

Abstract

Non-stoichiometry compositions of Cu2Zn1.5Sn1.2S4+x (CZTS) bulk alloys were prepared by the thermal molten technique and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Electron probe micro analysis (EPMA) and UV-vis absorbance spectroscopy. The results indicate that the secondary phases such as Cu2S, ZnS and SnS etc., are present as identified by XRD and Raman spectroscopy in the lower sulfur content alloys. However, the pure CZTS kesterite phase was obtained in sulfur excess (ie, x=0.4) composition. The backscattered electron images confirm that the transition from a multiphase formation in the alloy to a single phase formation. A direct band gap of about 1.22 eV has been estimated from UV-vis absorbance spectra studies, and this is close to the optimum value of best solar cell efficiency. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belong to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2016 05:43
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2016 05:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54635

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