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Development of antiviral gene therapy for Monodon baculovirus using dsRNA loaded chitosan-dextran sulfate nanocapsule delivery system in Penaeus monodon post-larvae

Kumar, Ramesh D and Elumalai, Rajasegaran and Raichur, Ashok M and Sanjuktha, M and Rajan, JJ and Alavandi, SV and Vijayan, KK and Poornima, M and Santiago, TC (2016) Development of antiviral gene therapy for Monodon baculovirus using dsRNA loaded chitosan-dextran sulfate nanocapsule delivery system in Penaeus monodon post-larvae. In: ANTIVIRAL RESEARCH, 131 . pp. 124-130.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.04.010

Abstract

In the present study, a suitable carrier system was developed for the delivery of dsRNA into Penaeus monodon (P. monodon) post larvae to silence the Monodon baculovirus (MBV) structural gene of p74. The carrier system was developed by layer by layer adsorption of oppositely charged chitosan-dextran sulfate, on charged silica nanoparticles. The silica template was removedto produce multilayered hollow nanocapsules (CS-DS) that were utilized for dsRNA loading at an alkaline pH. The capsule's surface was modified by conjugating with shrimp feed for enhanced cellular uptake. In vivo cellular uptake of CS-DS/FITC loaded nanocapsules conjugated with feed was studied after oral administration into post-larvae. The results revealed that the encapsulated FITC was effectively delivered and exhibited a sustained release into the cytoplasm of shrimp post-larvae. The MBV challenge study for structural gene p74was conducted after 3-25 days of post infection (dpi) with respective CS-DS/dsRNA coated with feed. The results showed a significant survival rate of 86.63% and effective gene silencing in P. monodon. Our findings indicated that the delivery of dsRNA using shrimp feed coatedCS-DSnanocapsules could be a novel approach to prevent viral infections in shrimp. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2016 10:11
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2016 10:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54364

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