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Biotinylated Platinum(II) Ferrocenylterpyridine Complexes for Targeted Photoinduced Cytotoxicity

Mitra, Koushambi and Shettar, Abhijith and Kondaiah, Paturu and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2016) Biotinylated Platinum(II) Ferrocenylterpyridine Complexes for Targeted Photoinduced Cytotoxicity. In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 55 (11). pp. 5612-5622.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b00680

Abstract

Biotinylated platinum(II) ferrocenylterpyridine (Fc-tpy) complexes Pt(Fc-tpy) (L-1)] Cl (1) and Pt (Fc-tpy)(L-2)]Cl (2), where HL1 and HL2 are biotin-containing ligands, were prepared, and their targeted photoinduced cytotoxic effect in cancer cells over normal cells was studied. A nonbiotinylated complex, Pt(Fc-tpy)(L-3)]Cl (3), was prepared as a control to study the role of the biotin moiety in cellular uptake properties of the complexes. Three platinum(II) phenylterpyridine (Ph-tpy) complexes, viz., Pt(Ph-tpy)(L-1)]Cl (4), Pt(Ph-tpy)(L-2)] (5), and Pt(Ph-tpy)(L-3)]Cl (6), were synthesized and explored to understand the role of a metal-bound Fc-tpy ligand over Ph-tpy as a photoinitiator. The Fc-tpy complexes displayed an intense absorption band near 640 nm, which was absent in their Ph-tpy analogues. The Fc-tpy complexes (1 mM in 0.1 M TBAP) showed an irreversible cyclic voltammetric anodic response of the Fc/Fc(+) couple near 0.25 V. The Fc-tpy complexes displayed photodegradation in red light of 647 nm involving the formation of a ferrocenium ion (Fc(+)) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Photoinduced release of the biotinylated ligands was observed from spectral measurements, and this possibly led to the controlled generation of an active platinum(II) species, which binds to the calf-thymus DNA used for this study. The biotinylated photoactive Fc-tpy complexes showed significant photoinduced cytotoxicity, giving a IC50 value of similar to 7 mu M in visible light of 400-700 nm with selective uptake in BT474 cancer cells over HBL-100 normal cells. Furthermore, ferrocenyl complexes resulted in light-induced ROS-mediated apoptosis, as indicated by DCFDA, annexin V/FITC staining, and sub-G1 DNA content determined by fluorescent activated cell sorting analysis. The phenyl analogues 4 and 5 were photostable, served as DNA intercalators, and demonstrated selective cytotoxicity in the cancer cells, giving IC50 values of similar to 4 mu M.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 04:44
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2016 04:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54081

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