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Vertical Profiles of Radar Reflectivity Factor in Intense Convective Clouds in the Tropics

Kumar, Shailendra and Bhat, GS (2016) Vertical Profiles of Radar Reflectivity Factor in Intense Convective Clouds in the Tropics. In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY, 55 (5).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0110.1

Abstract

This study is based on the analysis of 10 years of data for radar reflectivity factor Z(e) as derived from the TRMMPrecipitation Radar (PR) measurements. The vertical structure of active convective clouds at the PR pixel scale has been extracted by defining two types of convective cells. The first one is cumulonimbus tower (CbT), which contains Z(e) >= 20 dBZ at 12-km altitude and is at least 9 kmdeep. The other is intense convective cloud (ICC), which belongs to the top 5% of the population of the Z(e) distribution at a prescribed reference height. Here two reference heights (3 and 8 km) have been chosen. Regional differences in the vertical structure of convective cells have been explored by considering 16 locations distributed across the tropics and two locations in the subtropics. The choice of oceanic locations is based on the sea surface temperature; that of the land locations is based on propensity for intense convection. One of themain findings of the study is the close similarity in the average vertical profiles of CbTs and ICCs in the mid-and lower troposphere across the ocean basins whereas differences over land areas are larger and depend on the selected reference height. The foothills of the western Himalaya, southeastern South America, and the Indo-Gangetic Plain contain the most intense CbTs; equatorial Africa, the foothills of the western Himalaya, and equatorial South America contain the most intense ICCs. Close similarity among the oceanic profiles suggests that the development of vigorous convective cells over warm oceans is similar and that understanding gained in one region is extendable to other areas.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC, 45 BEACON ST, BOSTON, MA 02108-3693 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 07:40
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 07:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/54009

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