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High performance electromagnetic wave absorbers derived from PC/SAN blends containing multiwall carbon nanotubes and Fe3O4 decorated onto graphene oxide sheets

Pawar, Shital Patangrao and Gandi, Mounika and Bose, Suryasarathi (2016) High performance electromagnetic wave absorbers derived from PC/SAN blends containing multiwall carbon nanotubes and Fe3O4 decorated onto graphene oxide sheets. In: RSC ADVANCES, 6 (44). pp. 37633-37645.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5ra25435c

Abstract

A high performance electromagnetic wave absorber with high surface resistivity (i.e. minimum surface reflection) and an enhanced attenuation constant (i.e. maximum absorption) was designed using uneven distribution of lossy materials like multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) and magnetic ferrite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (of 2-5 nm) nucleated on reduced graphene oxide sheets (rGO-Fe3O4) in biphasic polymeric blends of polycarbonate (PC) and poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN). The uneven distribution of MWNTs and rGO-Fe3O4 in the blends, which acted as micro-absorbers resulted in outstanding electromagnetic wave absorption (93%). Various parameters like transmission coefficient, attenuation constant and skin depth were assessed for a clear understanding of the attenuation mechanism in each of the blends containing different nano-inclusions like MWNTs and Fe3O4, only rGO-Fe3O4 and a combination of MWNTs and rGO-Fe3O4. It is understood that the absorption was significantly enhanced due to selective localization of nano-inclusions in the PC phase that provided heterogeneous dielectric media with multiple interfaces. The penetration of the high frequency electromagnetic waves into the shield was facilitated by high surface resistivity and high volume electrical conductivity (5 S cm(-1)). Further, in combination with lossy nano-inclusions the incoming EM radiation was attenuated through multiple scattering. This is realized in the blends containing both MWNTs and rGO-Fe3O4 which manifested in a total shielding effectiveness of -50.7 dB (at 18 GHz), indicating > 99.9% attenuation of the incoming microwave radiation, in striking contrast to blends containing either only MWNTs or only rGO-Fe3O4. Taken together, this study clearly demonstrates that lightweight polymeric nanocomposites can be designed for high frequency electromagnetic wave absorption through unique synergism of MWNTs and ultra-small magnetic ferrite nanoparticles nucleated on rGO sheets.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 07:44
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 07:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53990

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