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Design and analysis of a novel muffler for wide-band transmission loss, low back pressure and reduced flow-induced noise

Sagar, Vidya and Munjal, ML (2016) Design and analysis of a novel muffler for wide-band transmission loss, low back pressure and reduced flow-induced noise. In: NOISE CONTROL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, 64 (2). pp. 208-216.

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Official URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/300419759...

Abstract

With the advancements in quiet engine technology, reduction of the fan noise sources, and use of higher mean flow speeds, the aerodynamic noise generation due to unsteady and turbulent mean flow in the ducts of automotive exhaust muffler may become a significant source of exhaust noise, thereby limiting the net insertion loss of the muffler. Three-pass double-reversal muffler is often used in automotive exhaust systems. This muffler is characterized by a fairly wide-band transmission loss (TL) curve as well as relatively low back pressure. However in the flow-reversal end chambers, it produces a lot of aerodynamic noise due to impingement of jets on the end plates, generation of free shear layer and vortex shedding. This paper deals with the design and analysis of the muffler with a novel feature (tubular bridges in the end-chambers) specially configured to minimize the free shear layer in the end chambers of the three-pass double-reversal muffler as well as to provide adequate acoustic transmission loss and to further reduce the back pressure of the muffler. The TL curve predicted by means of the 1-D integrated transfer matrix (ITM) approach is validated against the 3-D FEM and compared with that of the base muffler (without tubular bridges). Back pressure of the configuration with tubular bridges, estimated by means of the lumped flow-resistance network, is shown to be considerably less than that of the base muffler. (C) 2016 Institute of Noise Control Engineering.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the INST NOISE CONTROL ENGINEERING, IOWA STATE UNIV, COLLEGE ENGINEERING, 212 MARSTON HALL, AMES, IA 50011-2152 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2016 05:33
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2016 05:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53981

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