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Depletion of nonlinearity in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence: Insights from analysis and simulations

Gibbon, JD and Gupta, A and Krstulovic, G and Pandit, R and Politano, H and Ponty, Y and Pouquet, A and Sahoo, G and Stawarz, J (2016) Depletion of nonlinearity in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence: Insights from analysis and simulations. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 93 (4).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.93.043104

Abstract

It is shown how suitably scaled, order-m moments, D-m(+/-), of the Elsasser vorticity fields in three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) can be used to identify three possible regimes for solutions of the MHD equations with magnetic Prandtl number P-M = 1. These vorticity fields are defined by omega(+/-) = curl z(+/-) = omega +/- j, where z(+/-) are Elsasser variables, and where omega and j are, respectively, the fluid vorticity and current density. This study follows recent developments in the study of three-dimensional Navier-Stokes fluid turbulence Gibbon et al., Nonlinearity 27, 2605 (2014)]. Our mathematical results are then compared with those from a variety of direct numerical simulations, which demonstrate that all solutions that have been investigated remain in only one of these regimes which has depleted nonlinearity. The exponents q(+/-) that characterize the inertial range power-law dependencies of the z(+/-) energy spectra, epsilon(+/-)(k), are then examined, and bounds are obtained. Comments are also made on (a) the generalization of our results to the case P-M not equal 1 and (b) the relation between D-m(+/-) and the order-m moments of gradients of magnetohydrodynamic fields, which are used to characterize intermittency in turbulent flows.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 11 May 2016 06:03
Last Modified: 11 May 2016 06:03
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53774

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