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Regulation of Acetate Metabolism and Acetyl Co-a Synthetase 1 (ACS1) Expression by Methanol Expression Regulator 1 (Mxr1p) in the Methylotrophic Yeast Pichia pastoris

Sahu, Umakant and Rangarajan, Pundi N (2016) Regulation of Acetate Metabolism and Acetyl Co-a Synthetase 1 (ACS1) Expression by Methanol Expression Regulator 1 (Mxr1p) in the Methylotrophic Yeast Pichia pastoris. In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 291 (7). pp. 3648-3657.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.673640

Abstract

Methanol expression regulator 1 (Mxr1p) is a zinc finger protein that regulates the expression of genes encoding enzymes of the methanol utilization pathway in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris by binding to Mxr1p response elements (MXREs) present in their promoters. Here we demonstrate that Mxr1p is a key regulator of acetate metabolism as well. Mxr1p is cytosolic in cells cultured in minimal medium containing a yeast nitrogen base, ammonium sulfate, and acetate (YNBA) but localizes to the nucleus of cells cultured in YNBA supplemented with glutamate or casamino acids as well as nutrient-rich medium containing yeast extract, peptone, and acetate (YPA). Deletion of Mxr1 retards the growth of P. pastoris cultured in YNBA supplemented with casamino acids as well as YPA. Mxr1p is a key regulator of ACS1 encoding acetyl-CoA synthetase in cells cultured in YPA. A truncated Mxr1p comprising 400 N-terminal amino acids activates ACS1 expression and enhances growth, indicating a crucial role for the N-terminal activation domain during acetate metabolism. The serine 215 residue, which is known to regulate the expression of Mxr1p-activated genes in a carbon source-dependent manner, has no role in the Mxr1p-mediated activation of ACS1 expression. The ACS1 promoter contains an Mxr1p response unit (MxRU) comprising two MXREs separated by a 30-bp spacer. Mutations that abrogate MxRU function in vivo abolish Mxr1p binding to MxRU in vitro. Mxr1p-dependent activation of ACS1 expression is most efficient in cells cultured in YPA. The fact that MXREs are conserved in genes outside of the methanol utilization pathway suggests that Mxr1p may be a key regulator of multiple metabolic pathways in P. pastoris.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC, 9650 ROCKVILLE PIKE, BETHESDA, MD 20814-3996 USA
Keywords: gene regulation; metabolism; promoter; transcription factor; yeast; acetyl-CoA synthetase; Pichia pastoris; acetate metabolism
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2016 07:12
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2016 07:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53554

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