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A real-time coherent dedispersion pipeline for the giant metrewave radio telescope

De, Kishalay and Gupta, Yashwant (2016) A real-time coherent dedispersion pipeline for the giant metrewave radio telescope. In: EXPERIMENTAL ASTRONOMY, 41 (1). pp. 67-93.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10686-015-9476-8

Abstract

A fully real-time coherent dedispersion system has been developed for the pulsar back-end at the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT). The dedispersion pipeline uses the single phased array voltage beam produced by the existing GMRT software back-end (GSB) to produce coherently dedispersed intensity output in real time, for the currently operational bandwidths of 16 MHz and 32 MHz. Provision has also been made to coherently dedisperse voltage beam data from observations recorded on disk. We discuss the design and implementation of the real-time coherent dedispersion system, describing the steps carried out to optimise the performance of the pipeline. Presently functioning on an Intel Xeon X5550 CPU equipped with a NVIDIA Tesla C2075 GPU, the pipeline allows dispersion free, high time resolution data to be obtained in real-time. We illustrate the significant improvements over the existing incoherent dedispersion system at the GMRT, and present some preliminary results obtained from studies of pulsars using this system, demonstrating its potential as a useful tool for low frequency pulsar observations. We describe the salient features of our implementation, comparing it with other recently developed real-time coherent dedispersion systems. This implementation of a real-time coherent dedispersion pipeline for a large, low frequency array instrument like the GMRT, will enable long-term observing programs using coherent dedispersion to be carried out routinely at the observatory. We also outline the possible improvements for such a pipeline, including prospects for the upgraded GMRT which will have bandwidths about ten times larger than at present.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, VAN GODEWIJCKSTRAAT 30, 3311 GZ DORDRECHT, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Coherent dedispersion; Pulsars; Parallel processing; Graphics processing unit
Department/Centre: UG Programme
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2016 06:13
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2016 06:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53357

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