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Response Dynamics of Recirculation Structures in Coaxial Nonpremixed Swirl-Stabilized Flames Subjected to Acoustic Forcing

Idahosa, Uyi and Santhosh, R and Miglani, Ankur and Basu, Saptarshi (2016) Response Dynamics of Recirculation Structures in Coaxial Nonpremixed Swirl-Stabilized Flames Subjected to Acoustic Forcing. In: JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS, 8 (1, SI).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/1.4030728


This paper reports the time-mean and phase-locked response of nonreacting as well as reacting flow field in a coaxial swirling jet/flame (nonpremixed). Two distinct swirl intensities plus two different central pipe flow rates at each swirl setting are investigated. The maximum response is observed at the 105 Hz mode in the range of excitation frequencies (0-315 Hz). The flow/flame exhibited minimal response beyond 300 Hz. It is seen that the aspect ratio change of inner recirculation zone (IRZ) under nonreacting conditions (at responsive modes) manifests as a corresponding increase in the time-mean flame aspect ratio. This is corroborated by similar to 25% decrease in the IRZ transverse width in both flame and cold flow states. In addition, 105 Hz excited states are found to shed high energy regions (eddies) asymmetrically when compared to dormant 315 Hz pulsing frequency. The kinetic energy (KE) of the flow field is subsequently reduced due to acoustic excitation and a corresponding increase (similar to O (1)) in fluctuation intensity is witnessed. The lower swirl intensity case is found to be more responsive than the high swirl case as in the former flow state the resistance offered by IRZ to incoming acoustic perturbations is lower due to inherently low inertia. Next, the phase-locked analysis of flow and flame structure is employed to further investigate the phase dependence of flow/flame response. It is found that the asymmetric shifting of IRZ mainly results at 270 deg acoustic forcing. The 90 deg phase angle forcing is observed to convect the IRZ farther downstream in both swirl cases as compared to other phase angles. The present work aims primarily at providing a fluid dynamic view point to the observed nonpremixed flame response without considering the confinement effects.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: ASME
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ASME, TWO PARK AVE, NEW YORK, NY 10016-5990 USA
Keywords: nonpremixed swirl-stabilized flame; inner recirculation zone (IRZ); acoustic excitation; phase-locked response
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2016 07:31
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2016 07:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53347

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