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Edge states, spin transport, and impurity-induced local density of states in spin-orbit coupled graphene

Seshadri, Ranjani and Sengupta, K and Sen, Diptiman (2016) Edge states, spin transport, and impurity-induced local density of states in spin-orbit coupled graphene. In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 93 (3).

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.035431

Abstract

We study graphene, which has both spin-orbit coupling (SOC), taken to be of the Kane-Mele form, and a Zeeman field induced due to proximity to a ferromagnetic material. We show that a zigzag interface of graphene having SOC with its pristine counterpart hosts robust chiral edge modes in spite of the gapless nature of the pristine graphene; such modes do not occur for armchair interfaces. Next we study the change in the local density of states (LDOS) due to the presence of an impurity in graphene with SOC and Zeeman field, and demonstrate that the Fourier transform of the LDOS close to the Dirac points can act as a measure of the strength of the spin-orbit coupling; in addition, for a specific distribution of impurity atoms, the LDOS is controlled by a destructive interference effect of graphene electrons which is a direct consequence of their Dirac nature. Finally, we study transport across junctions, which separates spin-orbit coupled graphene with Kane-Mele and Rashba terms from pristine graphene both in the presence and absence of a Zeeman field. We demonstrate that such junctions are generally spin active, namely, they can rotate the spin so that an incident electron that is spin polarized along some direction has a finite probability of being transmitted with the opposite spin. This leads to a finite, electrically controllable, spin current in such graphene junctions. We discuss possible experiments that can probe our theoretical predictions.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER PHYSICAL SOC, ONE PHYSICS ELLIPSE, COLLEGE PK, MD 20740-3844 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2016 06:19
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2016 06:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53271

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