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The cis-Diammineplatinum(II) Complex of Curcumin: A Dual Action DNA Crosslinking and Photochemotherapeutic Agent

Mitra, Koushambi and Gautam, Srishti and Kondaiah, Paturu and Chakravarty, Akhil R (2015) The cis-Diammineplatinum(II) Complex of Curcumin: A Dual Action DNA Crosslinking and Photochemotherapeutic Agent. In: ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 54 (47). pp. 13989-13993.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201507281

Abstract

Pt(cur)(NH3)(2)](NO3) (1), a curcumin-bound cis-diammineplatinum(II) complex, nicknamed Platicur, as a novel photoactivated chemotherapeutic agent releases photoactive curcumin and an active platinum(II) species upon irradiation with visible light. The hydrolytic instability of free curcumin reduces upon binding to platinum(II). Interactions of 1 with 5'-GMP and ct-DNA indicated formation of platinum-bound DNA adducts upon exposure to visible light (lambda = 400-700 nm). It showed apoptotic photocytotoxicity in cancer cells (IC50 approximate to 15 mu M), thus forming (OH)-O-center dot, while remaining passive in the darkness (IC50 > 200 mu M). A comet assay and platinum estimation suggest Pt-DNA crosslink formation. The fluorescence microscopic images showed cytosolic localization of curcumin, thus implying possibility of dual action as a chemo-and phototherapeutic agent.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, POSTFACH 101161, 69451 WEINHEIM, GERMANY
Keywords: antitumor agents; cell imaging; curcumin; DNA; platinum
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2016 05:44
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2016 05:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53213

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