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Incorporation of Cr3+ ions in tuning the magnetic and transport properties of nano zinc ferrite

Prasad, Daruka B and Nagabhushana, H and Thyagarajan, K and Sharma, SC and Shivakumara, C and Gopal, NO and Nagabhushana, BM and Ke, Shyue-Chu and Chakradhar, RPS and Prabhakara, KR (2016) Incorporation of Cr3+ ions in tuning the magnetic and transport properties of nano zinc ferrite. In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 657 . pp. 95-108.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.09.270 ...

Abstract

Cost effective and low temperature synthesis methods namely solution combustion and hydrothermal methods were used to prepare chromium incorporated nanocrystalline zinc ferrites. The effect of incorporation of low concentration Cr3+ ions on the structural, morphological, magnetic and transport properties of the zinc ferrite compounds were investigated. The crystalline nature and size variation with chromium content were valid from powder x-ray diffraction. Particles size and crystallite size variation were valid from scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy respectively. With the increase in chromium incorporation, the crystallite and particles sizes were decreased. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies confirmed the presence of strong metal-oxygen bonds. The elastic properties of the materials in both the methods were estimated by FTIR studies. Magnetic properties namely saturation magentization, remanent magnetization and coercivity values were decreased with increase in Cr3+ ions concentration. The dielectric properties of the samples decreased with increase in the Cr3+ ions. The dielectric constant was observed to be of the order of 10(6) at low frequency and almost 1 at higher frequency range. The activation energy estimated using Arrhenius plots was of the order of 0.182 eV and 0.368 eV respectively for the compounds prepared by solution combustion and hydrothermal methods. The emission spectra of the samples excited at 344 nm were reported using photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Further, the approximate energy band gap(E-g) was estimated from PL studies. The E-g of the materials were lie in the range of 2.11-1.98 eV. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: Nano zinc ferrite; Magnetic materials; Dielectric properties; Ferrimagnetism
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2016 06:04
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2016 06:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53130

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