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Sulfurization of sputtered Ag-In precursors for AgInS2 solar cell absorber layers

Sunil, Anantha M and Thota, Narayana and Deepa, KG and Jampana, Nagaraju (2015) Sulfurization of sputtered Ag-In precursors for AgInS2 solar cell absorber layers. In: THIN SOLID FILMS, 595 (A). pp. 5-11.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2015.10.050

Abstract

Silver indium sulfide (AgInS2) thin films are deposited by sequential sputtering of metallic precursor Ag/In] followed by sulfurization. Effect of substrate temperature (Tsub) during sulfurization process on the film growth is studied by varying the substrate temperature from 350 to 500 degrees C. Films prepared above 350 degrees C showed a mixture of orthorhombic and tetragonal phases of AgInS2 with tetragonal phase being dominant. Better crystalline, nearly stoichiometric and p-type films are obtained at a substrate temperature of 500 degrees C. The characteristic A(1) mode of AgInS2 chalcopyrite structure is observed in the Raman spectra at 274 cm(-1) for the films prepared above 350 degrees C. The grain size of the film increases from 489 to 895 nm with the increase in substrate temperature. The binding energies of the constituent elements are determined using XPS. The band gap of AgInS2 films is in the range of 1.64-1.92 eV and the absorption coefficient is found to be >10(4) cm(-1). Preliminary studies on the AgInS2/ZnS solar cell showed an efficiency of 0.3%. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: AgInS2 (AIS); DC-sputtering; Sulfurization; P-type films; Absorption coefficient
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2016 09:20
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2016 09:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/53005

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