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Kinematic flow patterns in slow deformation of a dense granular material

Viswanathan, Koushik and Mahato, Anirban and Murthy, Tejas G and Koziara, Tomasz and Chandrasekar, Srinivasan (2015) Kinematic flow patterns in slow deformation of a dense granular material. In: GRANULAR MATTER, 17 (5). pp. 553-565.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10035-015-0576-y

Abstract

The kinematic flow pattern in slow deformation of a model dense granular medium is studied at high resolution using in situ imaging, coupled with particle tracking. The deformation configuration is indentation by a flat punch under macroscopic plane-strain conditions. Using a general analysis method, velocity gradients and deformation fields are obtained from the disordered grain arrangement, enabling flow characteristics to be quantified. The key observations are the formation of a stagnation zone, as in dilute granular flow past obstacles; occurrence of vortices in the flow immediately underneath the punch; and formation of distinct shear bands adjoining the stagnation zone. The transient and steady state stagnation zone geometry, as well as the strength of the vortices and strain rates in the shear bands, are obtained from the experimental data. All of these results are well-reproduced in exact-scale non-smooth contact dynamics simulations. Full 3D numerical particle positions from the simulations allow extraction of flow features that are extremely difficult to obtain from experiments. Three examples of these, namely material free surface evolution, deformation of a grain column below the punch and resolution of velocities inside the primary shear band, are highlighted. The variety of flow features observed in this model problem also illustrates the difficulty involved in formulating a complete micromechanical analytical description of the deformation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Keywords: Dense flow; Vortices; Stagnation; Shear bands; Pattern formation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2015 07:02
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 07:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52637

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