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S center dot center dot center dot O chalcogen bonding in sulfa drugs: insights from multipole charge density and X-ray wavefunction of acetazolamide

Thomas, Sajesh P and Jayatilaka, Dylan and Row, Guru TN (2015) S center dot center dot center dot O chalcogen bonding in sulfa drugs: insights from multipole charge density and X-ray wavefunction of acetazolamide. In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 17 (38). pp. 25411-25420.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c5cp04412j

Abstract

Experimental charge density analysis combined with the quantum crystallographic technique of X-ray wavefunction refinement (XWR) provides quantitative insights into the intra-and intermolecular interactions formed by acetazolamide, a diuretic drug. Firstly, the analysis of charge density topology at the intermolecular level shows the presence of exceptionally strong interaction motifs such as a DDAA-AADD (D-donor, A-acceptor) type quadruple hydrogen bond motif and a sulfonamide dimer synthon. The nature and strength of intra-molecular S center dot center dot center dot O chalcogen bonding have been characterized using descriptors from the multipole model (MM) and XWR. Although pure geometrical criteria suggest the possibility of two intra-molecular S center dot center dot center dot O chalcogen bonded ring motifs, only one of them satisfies the ``orbital geometry'' so as to exhibit an interaction in terms of an electron density bond path and a bond critical point. The presence of `s-holes' on the sulfur atom leading to the S center dot center dot center dot O chalcogen bond has been visualized on the electrostatic potential surface and Laplacian isosurfaces close to the `reactive surface'. The electron localizability indicator (ELI) and Roby bond orders derived from the `experimental wave function' provide insights into the nature of S center dot center dot center dot O chalcogen bonding.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2015 05:40
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2015 05:40
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52622

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