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System reliability analysis of granular filter for protection against piping in dams

Srivastava, Amit and Babu, Sivakumar GL (2015) System reliability analysis of granular filter for protection against piping in dams. In: International Symposium on Geohazards and Geomechanics (ISGG), SEP 10-11, 2015, Univ Warwick, Warwick, ENGLAND.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/26/1/012055


Granular filters are provided for the safety of water retaining structure for protection against piping failure. The phenomenon of piping triggers when the base soil to be protected starts migrating in the direction of seepage flow under the influence of seepage force. To protect base soil from migration, the voids in the filter media should be small enough but it should not also be too small to block smooth passage of seeping water. Fulfilling these two contradictory design requirements at the same time is a major concern for the successful performance of granular filter media. Since Terzaghi era, conventionally, particle size distribution (PSD) of granular filters is designed based on particle size distribution characteristics of the base soil to be protected. The design approach provides a range of D15f value in which the PSD of granular filter media should fall and there exist infinite possibilities. Further, safety against the two critical design requirements cannot be ensured. Although used successfully for many decades, the existing filter design guidelines are purely empirical in nature accompanied with experience and good engineering judgment. In the present study, analytical solutions for obtaining the factor of safety with respect to base soil particle migration and soil permeability consideration as proposed by the authors are first discussed. The solution takes into consideration the basic geotechnical properties of base soil and filter media as well as existing hydraulic conditions and provides a comprehensive solution to the granular filter design with ability to assess the stability in terms of factor of safety. Considering the fact that geotechnical properties are variable in nature, probabilistic analysis is further suggested to evaluate the system reliability of the filter media that may help in risk assessment and risk management for decision making.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Series.: IOP Conference Series-Earth and Environmental Science
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the IOP PUBLISHING LTD, DIRAC HOUSE, TEMPLE BACK, BRISTOL BS1 6BE, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 06:46
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2015 06:46
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52566

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