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QUANTITATIVE OH PLANAR LASER INDUCED FLUORESCENCE DIAGNOSTICS OF SYNGAS AND METHANE COMBUSTION IN A CAVITY COMBUSTOR

Krishna, S and Ravikrishna, RV (2015) QUANTITATIVE OH PLANAR LASER INDUCED FLUORESCENCE DIAGNOSTICS OF SYNGAS AND METHANE COMBUSTION IN A CAVITY COMBUSTOR. In: COMBUSTION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 187 (11). pp. 1661-1682.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00102202.2015.1047015

Abstract

The current work reports quantitative OH species concentration in the cavity of a trapped vortex combustor (TVC) in the context of mixing and flame stabilization studies using both syngas and methane fuels. Planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) measurements of OH radical obtained using a Nd: YAG pumped dye laser are quantified using a flat flame McKenna burner. The momentum flux ratio (MFR), defined as the ratio of the cavity fuel jet momentum to that of the guide vane air stream, is observed to be a key governing parameter. At high MFRs similar to 4.5, the flame front is observed to form at the interface of the fuel jet and the air jet stream. This is substantiated by velocity vector field measurements. For syngas, as the MFR is lowered to similar to 0.3, the fuel-air mixing increases and a flame front is formed at the bottom and downstream edge of the cavity where a stratified charge is present. This trend is observed for different velocities at similar equivalence ratios. In case of methane combustion in the cavity, where the MFRs employed are extremely low at similar to 0.01, a different mechanism is observed. A fuel-rich mixture is now observed at the center of the cavity and this mixture undergoes combustion. On further increase of the cavity equivalence ratio, the rich mixture exceeds the flammability limit and forms a thin reaction zone at the interface with air stream. As a consequence, a shear layer flame at the top of the cavity interface with the mainstream is also observed. The equivalence ratio in the cavity also determines the combustion characteristics in the case of fuel-air mixtures that are formed as a result of the mixing. Overall, flame stabilization mechanisms have been proposed, which account for the wide range of MFRs and premixing in the mainstream as well.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC, 530 WALNUT STREET, STE 850, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106 USA
Keywords: Cavity combustor; Dual vortex structure; OH concentration; Particle image velocimetry; Planar laser induced fluorescence
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2015 06:44
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2015 06:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52564

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