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Seismic hazard maps and spectrum for Patna considering region-specific seismotectonic parameters

Anbazhagan, P and Bajaj, Ketan and Patel, Satyajit (2015) Seismic hazard maps and spectrum for Patna considering region-specific seismotectonic parameters. In: NATURAL HAZARDS, 78 (2). pp. 1163-1195.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11069-015-1764-0


The objective of this paper was to develop the seismic hazard maps of Patna district considering the region-specific maximum magnitude and ground motion prediction equation (GMPEs) by worst-case deterministic and classical probabilistic approaches. Patna, located near Himalayan active seismic region has been subjected to destructive earthquakes such as 1803 and 1934 Bihar-Nepal earthquakes. Based on the past seismicity and earthquake damage distribution, linear sources and seismic events have been considered at radius of about 500 km around Patna district center. Maximum magnitude (M (max)) has been estimated based on the conventional approaches such as maximum observed magnitude (M (max) (obs) ) and/or increment of 0.5, Kijko method and regional rupture characteristics. Maximum of these three is taken as maximum probable magnitude for each source. Twenty-seven ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs) are found applicable for Patna region. Of these, suitable region-specific GMPEs are selected by performing the `efficacy test,' which makes use of log-likelihood. Maximum magnitude and selected GMPEs are used to estimate PGA and spectral acceleration at 0.2 and 1 s and mapped for worst-case deterministic approach and 2 and 10 % period of exceedance in 50 years. Furthermore, seismic hazard results are used to develop the deaggregation plot to quantify the contribution of seismic sources in terms of magnitude and distance. In this study, normalized site-specific design spectrum has been developed by dividing the hazard map into four zones based on the peak ground acceleration values. This site-specific response spectrum has been compared with recent Sikkim 2011 earthquake and Indian seismic code IS1893.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: SPRINGER
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
Keywords: Earthquake; Hazards; Maximum magnitude; GMPE; PGA; SA
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2015 07:29
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2015 07:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/52170

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