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Nonlinear Optical Properties and Temperature-Dependent UV-Vis Absorption and Photoluminescence Emission in 2D Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanosheets

Kumbhakar, Pathik and Kole, Arup Kanti and Tiwary, Chandra Sekhar and Biswas, Subrata and Vinod, Soumya and Taha-Tijerina, Jaime and Chatterjee, Udit and Ajayan, Pulickel M (2015) Nonlinear Optical Properties and Temperature-Dependent UV-Vis Absorption and Photoluminescence Emission in 2D Hexagonal Boron Nitride Nanosheets. In: ADVANCED OPTICAL MATERIALS, 3 (6). pp. 828-835.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adom.201400445

Abstract

Recently, a lot of interest has been centred on the optical properties of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), which has a similar lattice structure to graphene. Interestingly, h-BN has a wide bandgap and is biocompatible, so it has potential applications in multiphoton bioimaging, if it can exhibit large nonlinear optical (NLO) properties. However, extensive investigation into the NLO properties of h-BN have not been done so far. Here, NLO properties of 2D h-BN nanosheets (BNNS) are reported for the first time, using 1064-nm NIR laser radiation with a pulse duration of 10 ns using the Z-scan technique. The reverse saturable absorption occurs in aqueous colloidal solutions of BNNS with a very large two-photon absorption cross section (sigma(2PA)) of approximate to 57 x 10(-46) cm(4) s(-1) photon(-1). Also, by using UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, the temperature coefficient of the bandgap (dE(g)/dT) of BNNS is determined to be 5.9 meV K-1. Further defect-induced photoluminescence emission in the UV region is obtained in the 283-303 K temperature range, under excitations of different wavelengths. The present report of large sigma(2PA) combined with stability and biocompatibility could open up new possibilities for the application of BNNS as a potential optical material for multiphoton bioimaging and advanced photonic devices.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, BOSCHSTRASSE 12, D-69469 WEINHEIM, GERMANY
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2015 05:29
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2015 05:29
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51922

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