# Analysis of Transverse Shear Strains in Pre-Twisted Thick Beams using Variational Asymptotic Method

Ameen, Maqsood M and Harursampath, Dineshkumar (2015) Analysis of Transverse Shear Strains in Pre-Twisted Thick Beams using Variational Asymptotic Method. In: International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics (ICNAAM), SEP 22-28, 2014, Rhodes, GREECE.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4912586

## Abstract

The cross-sectional stiffness matrix is derived for a pre-twisted, moderately thick beam made of transversely isotropic materials and having rectangular cross sections. An asymptotically-exact methodology is used to model the anisotropic beam from 3-D elasticity, without any further assumptions. The beam is allowed to have large displacements and rotations, but small strain is assumed. The strain energy is computed making use of the beam constitutive law and kinematical relations derived with the inclusion of geometrical nonlinearities and an initial twist. The energy functional is minimized making use of the Variational Asymptotic Method (VAM), thereby reducing the cross section to a point on the beam reference line with appropriate properties, forming a 1-D constitutive law. VAM is a mathematical technique employed in the current problem to rigorously split the 3-D analysis of beams into two: a 2-D analysis over the beam cross-sectional domain, which provides a compact semi-analytical form of the properties of the cross sections, and a nonlinear 1-D analysis of the beam reference curve. In this method, as applied herein, the cross-sectional analysis is performed asymptotically by taking advantage of a material small parameter and two geometric small parameters. 3-D strain components are derived using kinematics and arranged in orders of the small parameters. Closed-form expressions are derived for the 3-D non-linear warping and stress fields. Warping functions are obtained by the minimization of strain energy subject to certain set of constraints that render the 1-D strain measures well-defined. The zeroth-order 3-D warping field thus yielded is then used to integrate the 3-D strain energy density over the cross section, resulting in the 1-D strain energy density, which in turn helps identify the corresponding cross-sectional stiffness matrix. The model is capable of predicting interlaminar and transverse shear stresses accurately up to first order.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings AIP Conference Proceedings AMER INST PHYSICS Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST PHYSICS, 2 HUNTINGTON QUADRANGLE, STE 1NO1, MELVILLE, NY 11747-4501 USA Composite Mechanics; VAM; Laminated Beams; Advanced Beam Theories Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering) 19 Jul 2015 09:27 19 Jul 2015 09:27 http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51844