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Thermoelectric properties of Pb0.75-xMnxSn0.25Te alloys with variable manganese content

Bali, Ashoka and Chetty, Raju and Mallik, Ramesh Chandra (2015) Thermoelectric properties of Pb0.75-xMnxSn0.25Te alloys with variable manganese content. In: MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING, 34 . pp. 326-333.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2015.02.053


Lead tin telluride is one of the well-established thermoelectric materials in the temperature range 350-750 K. In the present study, Pb0.75-xMnxSn0.25Te1.00 alloys with variable manganese (Mn) content were prepared by solid state synthesis and the thermoelectric properties were studied. X-ray diffraction, (XRD) showed that the samples followed Vegard's law, indicating solid solution formation and substitution of Mn at the Pb site. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that the grain sizes varied from <1 mu m to more than 10 mu m and MnTe rich phase was present for higher Mn content. Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity and thermal conductivity were measured from room temperature to 720 K. At 300 K, large Seebeck values were obtained, possibly due to increased effective mass on Mn substitution and low carrier concentration of the samples. At higher temperatures, transition from n-type to p-type indicated the presence of thermally generated carriers. Temperature dependent electrical resistivity showed the transition from degenerate to non-degenerate behavior. For thermal conductivity, low values (similar to 1 W/m-K at 300 K) were obtained. At higher temperatures bipolar conduction was observed, in agreement with the Seebeck and resistivity data. Due to low power factor, the maximum thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) was limited to 0.23 at 329 K for the sample with lowest Mn content (x=0.03). (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Keywords: Functional alloys; Thermoelectric properties; Powder metallurgy; Microstructure; Thermoelectric power generation
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 29 May 2015 05:36
Last Modified: 29 May 2015 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51599

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