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EXPERIENCE OF OPERATING OPEN TOP BIOMASS GASIFIER USING A LOW DENSITY FUEL-COCONUT FRONDS

Dasappa, S and Suresh, KC and Subbukrishna, DN (2014) EXPERIENCE OF OPERATING OPEN TOP BIOMASS GASIFIER USING A LOW DENSITY FUEL-COCONUT FRONDS. In: 22nd European International Biomass Conference - Setting the Course for a Biobased Economy, JUN 23-26, 2014, Hamburg, GERMANY, pp. 614-617.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5071/22ndEUBCE2014-2AV.2.6

Abstract

Use of fuel other than woody generally has been limited to rice husk and other residues are rarely tried as a fuel in a gasification system. With the availability of woody biomass in most countries like India, alternates fuels are being explored for sustainable supply of fuel. Use of agro residues has been explored after briquetting. There are few feedstock's like coconut fronts, maize cobs, etc, that might require lesser preprocessing steps compared to briquetting. The paper presents a detailed investigation into using coconut fronds as a fuel in an open top down draft gasification system. The fuel has ash content of 7% and was dried to moisture levels of 12 %. The average bulk density was found to be 230 kg/m3 with a fuel size particle of an average size 40 mm as compared to 350 kg/m3 for a standard wood pieces. A typical dry coconut fronds weighs about 2.5kgs and on an average 6 m long and 90 % of the frond is the petiole which is generally used as a fuel. The focus was also to compare the overall process with respect to operating with a typical woody biomass like subabul whose ash content is 1 %. The open top gasification system consists of a reactor, cooling and cleaning system along with water treatment. The performance parameters studied were the gas composition, tar and particulates in the clean gas, water quality and reactor pressure drop apart from other standard data collection of fuel flow rate, etc. The average gas composition was found to be CO 15 1.0 % H-2 16 +/- 1% CH4 0.5 +/- 0.1 % CO2 12.0 +/- 1.0 % and rest N2 compared to CO 19 +/- 1.0 % H-2 17 +/- 1.0 %, CH4 1 +/- 0.2 %, CO2 12 +/- 1.0 % and rest N2. The tar and particulate content in the clean gas has been found to be about 10 and 12 mg/m3 in both cases. The presence of high ash content material increased the pressure drop with coconut frond compared to woody biomass.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ETA-FLORENCE, PIAZZA SAVONAROLA 10, I-50132 FLORENCE, ITALY
Keywords: gasifier; tar and particulate; biomass; downdraft
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2015 06:38
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2015 06:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51467

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