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Pyroelectric and second harmonic responses from LiTaO3 nanocrystallites evolved in a Li2O-B2O3-Ta2O5 glass system

Jaschin, PW and Varma, KBR (2015) Pyroelectric and second harmonic responses from LiTaO3 nanocrystallites evolved in a Li2O-B2O3-Ta2O5 glass system. In: CRYSTENGCOMM, 17 (11). pp. 2327-2335.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4ce02412e

Abstract

Dendritic growth of trigonal and square bipyramidal structures of LiTaO3 nanocrystallites, of 19-30 nm size, was observed when 1.5Li(2)O-2B(2)O(3)-0.5Ta(2)O(5) glasses were subjected to controlled heat treatment between 530 degrees C and 560 degrees C/3 h. X-ray diffraction and Raman spectral studies carried out on the heat-treated samples confirmed the formation of a LiTaO3 phase along with a minor phase of ferroelectric Li2B4O7. The sample that was heat-treated at 550 degrees C/3 h was found to possess similar to 26 nm sized crystallites which exhibited a pyroelectric coefficient as high as 15 nC cm(-2) K-1 which is in the same range (23 nC cm(-2) K-1) as that of single crystalline LiTaO3 at room temperature. The corresponding figures of merit that were calculated for the fast pulse detector (F-i), the large area pyroelectric detector (F-v) and the pyroelectric point detector (F-D) were 0.517 x 10(-10) m V-1, 0.244 m(2) C-1 and 1.437 x 10(-5) Pa-1/2, respectively. Glass nanocrystal composites comprising similar to 30 nm sized crystallites exhibited broad Maker fringes and the second harmonic intensity emanated from these was 0.5 times that of KDP single crystals.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Keywords: X-RAY-DIFFRACTION; CRYSTALLIZED GLASSES; SILICATE GLASS; CERAMICS; GENERATION; SCATTERING; SURFACE; TANTALATE; LI2B4O7; NIOBATE
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 07:39
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2015 07:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51261

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