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Efficient Solid-State Light-Emitting CuCdS Nanocrystals Synthesized in Air

Khan, Ali Hossain and Dalui, Amit and Mukherjee, Soham and Segre, Carlo U and Sarma, DD and Acharya, Somobrata (2015) Efficient Solid-State Light-Emitting CuCdS Nanocrystals Synthesized in Air. In: ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 54 (9). pp. 2643-2648.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201409518

Abstract

Semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) possess high photoluminescence (PL) typically in the solution phase. In contrary, PL rapidly quenches in the solid state. Efficient solid state luminescence can be achieved by inducing a large Stokes shift. Here we report on a novel synthesis of compositionally controlled CuCdS NCs in air avoiding the usual complexity of using inert atmosphere. These NCs show long-range color tunability over the entire visible range with a remarkable Stokes shift up to about 1.25eV. Overcoating the NCs leads to a high solid-state PL quantum yield (QY) of ca. 55% measured by using an integrating sphere. Unique charge carrier recombination mechanisms have been recognized from the NCs, which are correlated to the internal NC structure probed by using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. EXAFS measurements show a Cu-rich surface and Cd-rich interior with 46% Cu-I being randomly distributed within 84% of the NC volume creating additional transition states for PL. Color-tunable solid-state luminescence remains stable in air enabling fabrication of light-emitting diodes (LEDs).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, BOSCHSTRASSE 12, D-69469 WEINHEIM, GERMANY
Keywords: alloys; colloid synthesis; EXAFS spectroscopy; fluorescence spectroscopy; light emitting diodes
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2015 07:09
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2015 07:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51237

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