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Influence of dynamic operating conditions on the performance of metal hydride based solid sorption cooling systems

Sharma, Vinod Kumar and Kumar, Anil E and Murthy, Srinivasa S (2015) Influence of dynamic operating conditions on the performance of metal hydride based solid sorption cooling systems. In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 40 (2). pp. 1108-1115.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.11.084

Abstract

The performance of metal hydride based solid sorption cooling systems depends on the driving pressure differential, and the rate of hydrogen transfer between coupled metal hydride beds during cooling and regeneration processes. Conventionally, the mid-plateau pressure difference obtained from `static' equilibrium PCT data are used for the thermodynamic analysis. It is well known that the processes are `dynamic' because the pressure and temperature, and hence the concentration of the hydride beds, are continuously changing. Keeping this in mind, the pair of La0.9Ce0.1Ni5 - LaNi4.7Al0.3 metal hydrides suitable for solid sorption cooling systems were characterised using both static and dynamic methods. It was found that the PCT characteristics, and the resulting enthalpy (Delta H) and entropy (Delta S) values, were significantly different for static and dynamic modes of measurements. In the present study, the solid sorption metal hydride cooling system is analysed taking in to account the actual variation in the pressure difference (Delta P) and the dynamic enthalpy values. Compared to `static' property based analysis, significant decrease in the driving potentials and transferrable amounts of hydrogen, leading to decrease in cooling capacity by 57.8% and coefficient of performance by 31.9% are observed when dynamic PCT data at the flow rate of 80 ml/min are considered. Copyright 2014 (C) Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Metal hydride; Solid sorption cooling system; Static and dynamic thermodynamic data; Actual thermodynamic cycle; Plateau slope
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 12:08
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 08:17
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/51051

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