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Dendritic atrophy constricts functional maps in resonance and impedance properties of hippocampal model neurons

Dhupia, Neha and Rathour, Rahul K and Narayanan, Rishikesh (2015) Dendritic atrophy constricts functional maps in resonance and impedance properties of hippocampal model neurons. In: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, 8 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3389/fncel.2014.00456

Abstract

A gradient in the density of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic-nucleotide gated (HCN) channels is necessary for the emergence of several functional maps within hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Here, we systematically analyzed the impact of dendritic atrophy on nine such functional maps, related to input resistance and local/transfer impedance properties, using conductance-based models of hippocampal pyramidal neurons. We introduced progressive dendritic atrophy in a CA1 pyramidal neuron reconstruction through a pruning algorithm, measured all functional maps in each pruned reconstruction, and arrived at functional forms for the dependence of underlying measurements on dendritic length. We found that, across frequencies, atrophied neurons responded with higher efficiency to incoming inputs, and the transfer of signals across the dendritic tree was more effective in an atrophied reconstruction. Importantly, despite the presence of identical HCN-channel density gradients, spatial gradients in input resistance, local/transfer resonance frequencies and impedance profiles were significantly constricted in reconstructions with dendrite atrophy, where these physiological measurements across dendritic locations converged to similar values. These results revealed that, in atrophied dendritic structures, the presence of an ion channel density gradient alone was insufficient to sustain homologous functional maps along the same neuronal topograph. We assessed the biophysical basis for these conclusions and found that this atrophy-induced constriction of functional maps was mediated by an enhanced spatial spread of the influence of an HCN-channel cluster in atrophied trees. These results demonstrated that the influence fields of ion channel conductances need to be localized for channel gradients to express themselves as homologous functional maps, suggesting that ion channel gradients are necessary but not sufficient for the emergence of functional maps within single neurons.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the FRONTIERS RESEARCH FOUNDATION, PO BOX 110, LAUSANNE, 1015, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: dendritic morphology; functional maps; HCN channel; impedance; resonance
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2015 12:43
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2015 12:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50989

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