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And yet it shrinks: A novel method for correcting bias in forest tree growth estimates caused by water-induced fluctuations

Chitra-Tarak, Rutuja and Ruiz, Laurent and Pulla, C and Dattaraja, HS and Suresh, HS and Sukumar, Raman (2015) And yet it shrinks: A novel method for correcting bias in forest tree growth estimates caused by water-induced fluctuations. In: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, 336 . pp. 129-136.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org / 10.1016/j.foreco.2014.10.007

Abstract

Accuracy in tree woody growth estimates is important to global carbon budget estimation and climate-change science. Tree growth in permanent sampling plots (PSPs) is commonly estimated by measuring stem diameter changes, but this method is susceptible to bias resulting from water-induced reversible stem shrinkage. In the absence of bias correction, temporal variability in growth is likely to be overestimated and incorrectly attributed to fluctuations in resource availability, especially in forests with high seasonal and inter-annual variability in water. We propose and test a novel approach for estimating and correcting this bias at the community level. In a 50-ha PSP from a seasonally dry tropical forest in southern India, where tape measurements have been taken every four years from 1988 to 2012, for nine trees we estimated bias due to reversible stem shrinkage as the difference between woody growth measured using tree rings and that estimated from tape. We tested if the bias estimated from these trees could be used as a proxy to correct bias in tape-based growth estimates at the PSP scale. We observed significant shrinkage-related bias in the growth estimates of the nine trees in some censuses. This bias was strongly linearly related to tape-based growth estimates at the level of the PSP, and could be used as a proxy. After bias was corrected, the temporal variance in growth rates of the PSP decreased, while the effect of exceptionally dry or wet periods was retained, indicating that at least a part of the temporal variability arose from reversible shrinkage-related bias. We also suggest that the efficacy of the bias correction could be improved by measuring the proxy on trees that belong to different size classes and census timing, but not necessarily to different species. Our approach allows for reanalysis - and possible reinterpretation of temporal trends in tree growth, above ground biomass change, or carbon fluxes in forests, and their relationships with resource availability in the context of climate change. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Reversible stem flexing; Tree shrinkage; Seasonally dry tropical forest; Above-ground biomass; Carbon; Permanent sampling plot
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2015 12:13
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2015 12:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50844

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