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Structure-specific nuclease activity of RAGs is modulated by sequence, length and phase position of flanking double-stranded DNA

Kumari, Rupa and Raghavan, Sathees C (2015) Structure-specific nuclease activity of RAGs is modulated by sequence, length and phase position of flanking double-stranded DNA. In: FEBS JOURNAL, 282 (1). pp. 4-18.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/febs.13121

Abstract

RAGs (recombination activating genes) are responsible for the generation of antigen receptor diversity through the process of combinatorial joining of different V (variable), D (diversity) and J (joining) gene segments. In addition to its physiological property, wherein RAG functions as a sequence-specific nuclease, it can also act as a structure-specific nuclease leading to genomic instability and cancer. In the present study, we investigate the factors that regulate RAG cleavage on non-B DNA structures. We find that RAG binding and cleavage on heteroduplex DNA is dependent on the length of the double-stranded flanking region. Besides, the immediate flanking double-stranded region regulates RAG activity in a sequence-dependent manner. Interestingly, the cleavage efficiency of RAGs at the heteroduplex region is influenced by the phasing of DNA. Thus, our results suggest that sequence, length and phase positions of the DNA can affect the efficiency of RAG cleavage when it acts as a structure-specific nuclease. These findings provide novel insights on the regulation of the pathological functions of RAGs.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the WILEY-BLACKWELL, 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
Keywords: chromosomal translocation; double-strand break repair; genomic instability; heteroduplex DNA; non-B DNA structure; RAG cleavage
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2015 13:33
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2015 13:33
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50808

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