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The key role of polymer grafted nanoparticles in the phase miscibility of an LCST mixture

Kar, Goutam Prasanna and Bharati, Avanish and Xavier, Priti and Madras, Giridhar and Bose, Suryasarathi (2015) The key role of polymer grafted nanoparticles in the phase miscibility of an LCST mixture. In: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 17 (2). pp. 868-877.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4cp02925a

Abstract

Blends of bromo-terminated polystyrene (PS-Br) and poly(vinyl methylether) (PVME) exhibit lower critical solution temperatures. In this study, PS-Br was designed by atom transfer radical polymerization and was converted to thiol-capped polystyrene (PS-SH) by reacting with thiourea. The silver nanoparticles (nAg) were then decorated with covalently bound PS-SH macromolecules to improve the phase miscibility in the PS-Br-PVME blends. Thermally induced demixing in this model blend was followed in the presence of polystyrene immobilized silver nanoparticles (PS-g-nAg). The graft density of the PS macromolecules was estimated to be ca. 0.78 chains per nm(2). Although the matrix and the grafted molecular weights were similar, PS-g-nAg particles were expelled from the PS phase and were localized in the PVME phase of the blends. This was addressed with respect to intermediate graft density and favourable PS-PVME contacts from microscopic interactions point of view. Interestingly, blends with 0.5 wt% PS-g-nAg delayed the spinodal decomposition temperature in the blends by ca. 18 degrees C with respect to the control blends. The scale of cooperativity, as determined by differential scanning calorimetry, increased only marginally in the case of PS-g-nAg; however, it increased significantly in the presence of bare nAg particles.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2015 05:23
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 05:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50711

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