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Dissociation Constants of Weak Acids from ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Using Metadynamics: Influence of the Inductive Effect and Hydrogen Bonding on pK(a) Values

Tummanapelli, Anil Kumar and Vasudevan, Sukumaran (2014) Dissociation Constants of Weak Acids from ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Using Metadynamics: Influence of the Inductive Effect and Hydrogen Bonding on pK(a) Values. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 118 (47, SI). pp. 13651-13657.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1021/jp5088898

Abstract

The theoretical estimation of the dissociation constant, or pK(a), of weak acids continues to be a challenging field. Here, we show that ab initio CarParrinello molecular dynamics simulations in conjunction with metadynamics calculations of the free-energy profile of the dissociation reaction provide reasonable estimates of the pK(a) value. Water molecules, sufficient to complete the three hydration shells surrounding the acid molecule, were included explicitly in the computation procedure. The free-energy profiles exhibit two distinct minima corresponding to the dissociated and neutral states of the acid, and the difference in their values provides the estimate for pK(a). We show for a series of organic acids that CPMD simulations in conjunction with metadynamics can provide reasonable estimates of pK(a) values. The acids investigated were aliphatic carboxylic acids, chlorine-substituted carboxylic acids, cis- and trans-butenedioic acid, and the isomers of hydroxybenzoic acid. These systems were chosen to highlight that the procedure could correctly account for the influence of the inductive effect as well as hydrogen bonding on pK(a) values of weak organic acids. In both situations, the CPMD metadynamics procedure faithfully reproduces the experimentally observed trend and the magnitudes of the pK(a) values.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2015 10:42
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2015 10:42
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50632

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