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Phenyl carbohydrazone conjugated 2-oxoindoline as a new scaffold that augments the DNA and BSA binding affinity and anti-proliferative activity of a 1,10-phenanthroline based copper(II) complex

Anbu, Sellamuthu and Paul, Anup and Ravishankaran, Rajendran and Guedes da Silva, Fatima CM and Karande, Anjali A and Pombeiro, Armando JL (2014) Phenyl carbohydrazone conjugated 2-oxoindoline as a new scaffold that augments the DNA and BSA binding affinity and anti-proliferative activity of a 1,10-phenanthroline based copper(II) complex. In: INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, 423 (B). pp. 183-193.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ica.2014.07.016

Abstract

A new type of copper(II) complex, CuL(phen)(2)](NO3) (CuIP), where L ((E)-N'-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene) benzohydrazide) is a N donor ligand and phen is the N, N-donor heterocyclic 1,10-phenanthroline, has been synthesized. The phenyl carbohydrazone conjugated isatin-based ligand L and CuIP were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared, UV-Vis, H-1 and C-13 NMR and ESI-mass spectral data, as well as single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The interaction of calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) with L and CuIP has been investigated by absorption, fluorescence and viscosity titration methods. The complex CuIP displays better binding affinity than the ligand L. The observed DNA binding constant (K-b = 4.15(+/- 0.18) x 10(5) M-1) and binding site size (s = 0.19), viscosity data together with molecular docking studies of CuIP suggest groove binding and/or a partial intercalative mode of binding to CT DNA. In addition, CuIP shows good binding propensity to the bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein, giving a K-BSA value of 1.25(+/- 0.24) x 10(6) M-1. In addition, the docking studies on DNA and human serum albumin (HSA) CuIP interactions are consistent with the consequence of binding experiments. The in vitro anti-proliferative study establishes the anticancer potency of the CuIP against the human cervical (HeLa) and breast (MCF7) cancer cells; noncancer breast epithelial (MCF10a) cells have also been investigated. CuIP shows better cytotoxicity and sensitivity towards cancer cells over noncancer ones than L under identical conditions, with the appearance of apoptotic bodies. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: Isatin; Cu(II) complex; DNA/BSA binding; Docking; Cytotoxicity
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2014 05:00
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2014 05:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50531

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