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Porous wide band gap BiNbO4 ceramic nanopowder synthesised by low temperature solution-based method for gas sensing applications

Balamurugan, C and Lee, DW and Maheswari, AR and Parmar, M (2014) Porous wide band gap BiNbO4 ceramic nanopowder synthesised by low temperature solution-based method for gas sensing applications. In: RSC ADVANCES, 4 (97). pp. 54625-54630.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1039/c4ra08898k

Abstract

In this study, we report the gas sensing behavior of BiNbO4 nanopowder prepared by a low temperature simple solution-based method. Before the sensing behaviour study, the as-synthesized nanopowder was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, UV-diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, impedance analysis, and surface area measurement. The NH3 sensing behavior of BiNbO4 was then studied by temperature modulation (50-350 degrees C) as well as concentration modulation (20-140 ppm). At the optimum operating temperature of 325 degrees C, the sensitivity was measured to be 90%. The cross-sensitivity of as-synthesized BiNbO4 sensor was also investigated by assessing the sensing behavior toward other gases such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), ethanol (C2H5OH), and liquid petroleum gas (LPG). Finally, selectivity of the sensing material toward NH3 was characterized by observing the sensor response with gas concentrations in the range 20-140 ppm. The response and recovery time for NH3 sensing at 120 ppm were about 16 s and about 17 s, respectively.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Instrumentation Appiled Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2014 06:38
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2014 06:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50498

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