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Decentralized demand-supply matching using community microgrids and consumer demand response: A scenario analysis

Ravindra, Kumudhini and Iyer, Parameshwar P (2014) Decentralized demand-supply matching using community microgrids and consumer demand response: A scenario analysis. In: ENERGY, 76 (SI). pp. 32-41.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.energy.2014.02.043

Abstract

Developing countries constantly face the challenge of reliably matching electricity supply to increasing consumer demand. The traditional policy decisions of increasing supply and reducing demand centrally, by building new power plants and/or load shedding, have been insufficient. Locally installed microgrids along with consumer demand response can be suitable decentralized options to augment the centralized grid based systems and plug the demand-supply gap. The objectives of this paper are to: (1) develop a framework to identify the appropriate decentralized energy options for demand supply matching within a community, and, (2) determine which of these options can suitably plug the existing demand-supply gap at varying levels of grid unavailability. A scenario analysis framework is developed to identify and assess the impact of different decentralized energy options at a community level and demonstrated for a typical urban residential community Vijayanagar, Bangalore in India. A combination of LPG based CHP microgrid and proactive demand response by the community is the appropriate option that enables the Vijayanagar community to meet its energy needs 24/7 in a reliable, cost-effective manner. The paper concludes with an enumeration of the barriers and feasible strategies for the implementation of community microgrids in India based on stakeholder inputs. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Keywords: Scenario analysis; Community microgrids; Consumer demand response; Energy policy; Electricity demand-supply matching; India
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Research > Management Studies
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2014 04:21
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2014 04:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50472

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