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Studies of Adsorption Characteristics of Activated Carbons Down to 4.5 K for the Development of Cryosorption Pumps for Fusion Systems

Kasthurirengan, S and Behera, U and Vivek, GA and Krishnamoorthy, V and Gangradey, R and Udgata, SS and Tripati, VS (2013) Studies of Adsorption Characteristics of Activated Carbons Down to 4.5 K for the Development of Cryosorption Pumps for Fusion Systems. In: Joint Conference of the Transactions of the Cryogenic Engineering Conference (CEC) / Transactions of the International Cryogenic Materials Conference, JUN 17-21, 2013, Anchorage, AK, pp. 1206-1213.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1063/1.4860843

Abstract

Cryosorption pump is the only possible device to pump helium, hydrogen and its isotopes in fusion environment, such as high magnetic field and high plasma temperatures. Activated carbons are known to be the most suitable adsorbent in the development of cryosorption pumps. For this purpose, the data of adsorption characteristics of activated carbons in the temperature range 4.5 K to 77 K are needed, but are not available in the literature. For obtaining the above data, a commercial micro pore analyzer operating at 77 K has been integrated with a two stage GM cryocooler, which enables the cooling of the sample temperature down to 4.5 K. A heat switch mounted between the second stage cold head and the sample chamber helps to raise the sample chamber temperature to 77 K without affecting the performance of the cryocooler. The detailed description of this system is presented elsewhere. This paper presents the results of experimental studies of adsorption isotherms measured on different types of activated carbons in the form of granules, globules, flake knitted and non-woven types in the temperature range 4.5 K to 10 K using Helium gas as the adsorbate. The above results are analyzed to obtain the pore size distributions and surface areas of the activated carbons. The effect of adhesive used for bonding the activated carbons to the panels is also studied. These results will be useful to arrive at the right choice of activated carbon to be used for the development of cryosorption pumps.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER INST PHYSICS, 2 HUNTINGTON QUADRANGLE, STE 1NO1, MELVILLE, NY 11747-4501 USA
Keywords: Cryosorption; Fusion systems; activated carbons; Cryocooler; tokamaks
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for Cryogenic Technology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2014 05:43
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2014 05:43
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50346

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