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Temperature-Induced Reversible First-Order Single Crystal to Single Crystal Phase Transition in Boc-gamma(4)(R)Val-Val-OH: Interplay of Enthalpy and Entropy

Pal, Rumpa and Reddy, Madhusudana MB and Dinesh, Bhimareddy and Balaram, Padmanabhan and Row, Tayur Guru N (2014) Temperature-Induced Reversible First-Order Single Crystal to Single Crystal Phase Transition in Boc-gamma(4)(R)Val-Val-OH: Interplay of Enthalpy and Entropy. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, 118 (40). pp. 9568-9574.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1021/jp506874q

Abstract

Crystals of Boc-gamma y(4)(R)Val-Val-OH undergo a reversible first-order single crystal to single crystal phase transition at T-c approximate to 205 K from the orthorhombic space group P22(1)2(1) (Z' = 1) to the monoclinic space group P2(1) (Z' = 2) with a hysteresis of similar to 2.1 K. The low-temperature monoclinic form is best described as a nonmerohedral twin with similar to 50% contributions from its two components. The thermal behavior of the dipeptide crystals was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry experiments. Visual changes in birefringence of the sample during heating and cooling cycles on a hot-stage microscope with polarized light supported the phase transition. Variable-temperature unit cell check measurements from 300 to 100 K showed discontinuity in the volume and cell parameters near the transition temperature, supporting the first-order behavior. A detailed comparison of the room-temperature orthorhombic form with the low-temperature (100 K) monoclinic form revealed that the strong hydrogen-bonding motif is retained in both crystal systems, whereas the non-covalent interactions involving side chains of the dipeptide differ significantly, leading to a small change in molecular conformation in the monoclinic form as well as a small reorientation of the molecules along the ac plane. A rigid-body thermal motion analysis (translation, libration, screw; correlation of translation and libration) was performed to study the crystal entropy. The reversible nature of the phase transition is probably the result of an interplay between enthalpy and entropy: the low-temperature monoclinic form is enthalpically favored, whereas the room-temperature orthorhombic form is entropically favored.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 1155 16TH ST, NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20036 USA
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 04:55
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2014 04:55
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50311

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