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An extended Shine-Dalgarno sequence in mRNA functionally bypasses a vital defect in initiator tRNA

Shetty, Sunil and Nadimpalli, HimaPriyanka and Shah, Riyaz Ahmad and Arora, Smriti and Das, Gautam and Varshney, Umesh (2014) An extended Shine-Dalgarno sequence in mRNA functionally bypasses a vital defect in initiator tRNA. In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 111 (40). E4224-E4233.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1073/pnas.1411637111


Initiator tRNAs are special in their direct binding to the ribosomal P-site due to the hallmark occurrence of the three consecutive G-C base pairs (3GC pairs) in their anticodon stems. How the 3GC pairs function in this role, has remained unsolved. We show that mutations in either the mRNA or 16S rRNA leading to extended interaction between the Shine-Dalgarno (SD) and anti-SD sequences compensate for the vital need of the 3GC pairs in tRNA(fMet) for its function in Escherichia coli. In vivo, the 3GC mutant tRNA(fMet) occurred less abundantly in 70S ribosomes but normally on 30S subunits. However, the extended SD:anti-SD interaction increased its occurrence in 70S ribosomes. We propose that the 3GC pairs play a critical role in tRNA(fMet) retention in ribosome during the conformational changes that mark the transition of 30S preinitiation complex into elongation competent 70S complex. Furthermore, treating cells with kasugamycin, decreasing ribosome recycling factor (RRF) activity or increasing initiation factor 2 (IF2) levels enhanced initiation with the 3GC mutant tRNA(fMet), suggesting that the 70S mode of initiation is less dependent on the 3GC pairs in tRNA(fMet).

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the NATL ACAD SCIENCES, 2101 CONSTITUTION AVE NW, WASHINGTON, DC 20418 USA
Keywords: 3GC base pairs; 70S initiation; rrsC; G1338; A1339
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2014 07:25
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2014 07:25
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50251

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