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The basics and advances of immunomodulators and antigen presentation: a key to development of potent memory response against pathogens

Garai, Preeti and Gogoi, Mayuri and Gopal, Ganesh and Radhakrishnan, Yashwanth and Nandakumar, Krishnadas Subhadramma and Chakravortty, Dipshikha (2014) The basics and advances of immunomodulators and antigen presentation: a key to development of potent memory response against pathogens. In: EXPERT OPINION ON BIOLOGICAL THERAPY, 14 (10). pp. 1383-1397.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1517/14712598.2014.925871

Abstract

Introduction: Immunomodulators are agents, which can modulate the immune response to specific antigens, while causing least toxicity to the host system. Being part of the modern vaccine formulations, these compounds have contributed remarkably to the field of therapeutics. Despite the successful record maintained by these agents, the requirement of novel immunomodulators keeps increasing due to the increasing severity of diseases. Hence, research regarding the same holds great importance. Areas covered: In this review, we discuss the role of immunomodulators in improving performance of various vaccines used for counteracting most threatening infectious diseases, mechanisms behind their action and criteria for development of novel immunomodulators. Expert opinion: Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying immune response is a prerequisite for development of effective therapeutics as these are often exploited by pathogens for their own propagation. Keeping this in mind, the present research in the field of immunotherapy focuses on developing immunomodulators that would not only enhance the protection against pathogen, but also generate a long-term memory response. With the introduction of advanced formulations including combination of different kinds of immunomodulators, one can expect tremendous success in near future.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the INFORMA HEALTHCARE, TELEPHONE HOUSE, 69-77 PAUL STREET, LONDON EC2A 4LQ, ENGLAND.
Keywords: immune evasion; immunity; immunomodulator; type 1 T helper; type 2 T helper; vaccine
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2014 05:01
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2014 05:01
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50153

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