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Digestive ripening and green synthesis of ultra-small (r < 2 nm) stable ZnO quantum dots

Jacob, Niya Mary and Thomas, Tiju (2014) Digestive ripening and green synthesis of ultra-small (r < 2 nm) stable ZnO quantum dots. In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 40 (9, A). pp. 13945-13952.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.05.116

Abstract

Given the recent reports pertaining to novel optical properties of ultra-small quantum dots (QDs) (r <2 nm), this nanomaterial is of relevance to both technology and science. However it is well known that in these size regimes most chalocogenide QD dispersions are unstable. Since applications often require use of QD dispersions (e.g. for deployment on a substrate), stabilizing these ultra-small particles is of practical relevance. In this work we demonstrate a facile, green, solution approach for synthesis of stable, ultra-small ZnO QDs having radius less than 2 nm. The particle size is calculated using Brits' equation and confirmed by transmission electron micrographs. ZnO QDs reported remain stable for > 120 days in ethanol (at similar to 298-303 K). We report digestive ripening (DR) in TEA capped ZnO QDs; this occurs rapidly over a short duration of 5 min. To explain this observation we propose a suitable mechanism based on the Lee's theory, which correlates the tendency of DR with the observed zeta potentials of the dispersed medium. To the best of our knowledge this is the (i) first report on DR in oxide QDs, as well as the first direct experimental verification of Lee's theory, and (ii) most rapid DR reported so far. The facile nature of the method presented here makes ultra-small ZnO readily accessible for fundamental exploration and technologically relevant applications. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCI LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, OXON, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2014 04:15
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2014 04:15
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/50004

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