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Growing dynamical facilitation on approaching the random pinning colloidal glass transition

Gokhale, Shreyas and Nagamanasa, Hima K and Ganapathy, Rajesh and Sood, AK (2014) Growing dynamical facilitation on approaching the random pinning colloidal glass transition. In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, 5 .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1038/ncomms5685

Abstract

Despite decades of research, it remains to be established whether the transformation of a liquid into a glass is fundamentally thermodynamic or dynamic in origin. Although observations of growing length scales are consistent with thermodynamic perspectives, the purely dynamic approach of the Dynamical Facilitation (DF) theory lacks experimental support. Further, for vitrification induced by randomly freezing a subset of particles in the liquid phase, simulations support the existence of an underlying thermodynamic phase transition, whereas the DF theory remains unexplored. Here, using video microscopy and holographic optical tweezers, we show that DF in a colloidal glass-forming liquid grows with density as well as the fraction of pinned particles. In addition, we observe that heterogeneous dynamics in the form of string-like cooperative motion emerges naturally within the framework of facilitation. Our findings suggest that a deeper understanding of the glass transition necessitates an amalgamation of existing theoretical approaches.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, MACMILLAN BUILDING, 4 CRINAN ST, LONDON N1 9XW, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 09:13
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2014 09:13
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49984

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