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Eco-friendly green synthesis, structural and photoluminescent studies of CeO2:Eu3+ nanophosphors using E. tirucalli plant latex

Malleshappa, J and Nagabhushana, H and Prashantha, SC and Sharma, SC and Dhananjaya, N and Shivakumara, C and Nagabhushana, BM (2014) Eco-friendly green synthesis, structural and photoluminescent studies of CeO2:Eu3+ nanophosphors using E. tirucalli plant latex. In: JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, 612 . pp. 425-434.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.05.101

Abstract

The investigation involves preparation and photoluminescence properties of CeO2:Eu3+ (1-11 mol%) nano phosphors by eco-friendly green combustion route using Euphorbia tirucalli plant latex as fuel. The final product was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Scanning electron microcopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The PXRD and SEM results reveals cubic fluorite phase with flaky structure. The crystallite size obtained from TEM was found to be similar to 20-25 nm, which was comparable to W-H plots and Scherrer's method. Photoluminescence (PL) emission of all the Eu3+ doped samples shows characteristic bands arising from the transitions of D-5(0) -> F-5(J) (J = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) manifolds under excitation at 373 and 467 nm excitation. The D-5(0) -> F-7(2) (613 nm) transition often dominate the emission spectra, indicating that the Eu3+ cations occupy a site without inversion center. The highest PL intensity was recorded for 9 mol% Eu3+ ions with 5 ml latex. PL quenching was observed upon further increase in Eu3+ concentration. The international commission on illumination (CIE) chromaticity co-ordinates were calculated from emission spectra, the values (x, y) were very close to national television system committee (NTSC) standard values of pure red emission. The results demonstrate that the synthesized phosphor material could be very useful for display applications. Further, the phosphor material prepared by this method was found to be non toxic, environmental friendly and could be a potential alternative to economical routes. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA, PO BOX 564, 1001 LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND
Keywords: Plant latex; Nanophosphor; Green synthesis; Rietveld refinement; Photoluminescence; Color coordinates
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2014 07:19
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2014 07:19
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49710

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