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In vitro exposure of tobacco specific nitrosamines decreases the rat lung phospholipids by enhanced phospholipase A(2) activity

Vijayaraj, Panneerselvam and Sivaprakasam, Chinnarasu and Varthini, Lakshmanaperumal Vishnu and Sarkar, Mary and Nachiappan, Vasanthi (2014) In vitro exposure of tobacco specific nitrosamines decreases the rat lung phospholipids by enhanced phospholipase A(2) activity. In: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO, 28 (6). pp. 1097-1105.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2014.05.001

Abstract

Tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNA) have implications in the pathogenesis of various lung diseases and conditions are prevalent even in non-smokers. N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and 4-(methyl nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) are potent pulmonary carcinogens present in tobacco product and are mainly responsible for lung cancer. TSNA reacts with pulmonary surfactants, and alters the surfactant phospholipid. The present study was undertaken to investigate the in vitro exposure of rat lung tissue slices to NNK or NNN and to monitor the phospholipid alteration by P-32]orthophosphate labeling. Phospholipid content decreased significantly in the presence of either NNK or NNN with concentration and time dependent manner. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the main phospholipid of lung and significant reduction was observed in PC similar to 61%, followed by phosphatidylglycerol (PG) with 100 mu M of NNK, whereas NNN treated tissues showed a reduction in phosphatidylserine (PS) similar to 60% and PC at 250 mu M concentration. The phospholipase A(2) assays and expression studies reveal that both compounds enhanced phospholipid hydrolysis, thereby reducing the phospholipid content. Collectively, our data demonstrated that both NNK and NNN significantly influenced the surfactant phospholipid level by enhanced phospholipase A(2) activity. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD, THE BOULEVARD, LANGFORD LANE, KIDLINGTON, OXFORD OX5 1GB, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2014 05:06
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2014 05:06
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49687

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