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Direct control of type IIA topoisomerase activity by a chromosomally encoded regulatory protein

Vos, Seychelle M and Lyubimov, Artem Y and Hershey, David M and Schoeffler, Allyn J and Sengupta, Sugopa and Nagaraja, Valakunja and Berger, James M (2014) Direct control of type IIA topoisomerase activity by a chromosomally encoded regulatory protein. In: GENES & DEVELOPMENT, 28 (13). pp. 1485-1497.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/gad.241984.114

Abstract

Precise control of supercoiling homeostasis is critical to DNA-dependent processes such as gene expression, replication, and damage response. Topoisomerases are central regulators of DNA supercoiling commonly thought to act independently in the recognition and modulation of chromosome superstructure; however, recent evidence has indicated that cells tightly regulate topoisomerase activity to support chromosome dynamics, transcriptional response, and replicative events. How topoisomerase control is executed and linked to the internal status of a cell is poorly understood. To investigate these connections, we determined the structure of Escherichia coil gyrase, a type HA topoisomerase bound to YacG, a recently identified chromosomally encoded inhibitor protein. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that YacG is frequently associated with coenzyme A (CoA) production enzymes, linking the protein to metabolism and stress. The structure, along with supporting solution studies, shows that YacG represses gyrase by sterically occluding the principal DNA-binding site of the enzyme. Unexpectedly, YacG acts by both engaging two spatially segregated regions associated with small-molecule inhibitor interactions (fluoroquinolone antibiotics and the newly reported antagonist GSK299423) and remodeling the gyrase holo enzyme into an inactive, ATP-trapped configuration. This study establishes a new mechanism for the protein-based control of topoisomerases, an approach that may be used to alter supercoiling levels for responding to changes in cellular state.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to the COLD SPRING HARBOR LAB PRESS, PUBLICATIONS DEPT, 1 BUNGTOWN RD, COLD SPRING HARBOR, NY 11724 USA
Keywords: gyrase;DNA topology;YacG;type II topoisomerase;transcription;metabolism
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2014 10:27
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2014 10:27
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49628

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