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Differentially Selective Chemosensor with Fluorescence Off-On Responses on Cu2+ and Zn2+ Ions in Aqueous Media and Applications in Pyrophosphate Sensing, Live Cell Imaging, and Cytotoxicity

Anbu, Sellamuthu and Ravishankaran, Rajendran and Guedes da Silva, Fatima CM and Karande, Anjali A and Pombeiro, Armando JL (2014) Differentially Selective Chemosensor with Fluorescence Off-On Responses on Cu2+ and Zn2+ Ions in Aqueous Media and Applications in Pyrophosphate Sensing, Live Cell Imaging, and Cytotoxicity. In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 53 (13). pp. 6655-6664.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic500313m

Abstract

A new benzoyl hydrazone based chemosensor R is synthesized by Schiff base condensation of 2,6-diformyl-4-methylphenol and phenyl carbohydrazide and acts as a highly selective fluorescence sensor for Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions in aqueous media. The reaction of R with CuCl2 or ZnCl2 forms the corresponding dimeric dicopper(II) Cu-2(R)(CH3O)-(NO3)](2)(CH3O)(2) (R-Cu2+) and dizinc(1) Zn-2(R)(2)](NO3)(2) (R-Zn2+) complexes, which are characterized, as R, by conventional techniques including single-crystal X-ray analysis. Electronic absorption and fluorescence titration studies of R with different metal cations in a CH3CN/0.02 M HEPES buffer medium (pH = 7.3) show a highly selective binding affinity only toward Cu(2+)and Zn2+ ions even in the presence of other commonly coexisting ions such as Ne+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Fe3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cd2+, and Hg2+. Quantification of the fluorescence titration analysis shows that the chemosensor R can indicate the presence of Cu2+ and Zn2+ even at very low concentrations of 17.3 and 16.5 ppb, respectively. R-Zn2+ acts as a selective metal-based fluorescent sensor for inorganic pyrophosphate ion (PPi) even in the presence of other common anions such as F-, Cl-, Br-, I-, CH3COO-, CO32-, HCO3-, N-3(-), SO42-, PPi, AMP, ADP, and ATP in an aqueous medium. The propensity of R as a bioimaging fluorescent probe to detect Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions in human cervical HeLa cancer cell lines and their cytotoxicity against human cervical (HeLa), breast cancer (MCF7), and noncancer breast epithelial (MCF10a) cells have also been investigated. R-Cu2+ shows better cytotoxicity and sensitivity toward cancer cells over noncancer cells than R and R-Zn2+ under identical conditions, with the appearance of apoptotic bodies.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to the AMER CHEMICAL SOC,USA.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2014 11:23
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2014 11:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49624

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