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Self-assembled dipeptide nanotubes constituted by flexible beta-phenylalanine and conformationally constrained alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanine residues as drug delivery system

Parween, Shaheena and Misra, Anurag and Ramakumar, Suryanarayanarao and Chauhan, VS (2014) Self-assembled dipeptide nanotubes constituted by flexible beta-phenylalanine and conformationally constrained alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanine residues as drug delivery system. In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY B, 2 (20). pp. 3096-3106.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3tb21856b

Abstract

Peptide based self assembled nanostructures have attracted growing interest in recent years due to their numerous potential applications particularly in biomedical sciences. Di-peptide Phe-Phe was shown previously to self-assemble into nanotube like structures. In this work, we studied the affect of peptide backbone length and conformational flexibility on the self assembly process by using two dipeptides based on the Phe-Phe backbone (beta Phe-Phe and beta Phe-Delta Phe): one containing a flexible beta Phe amino acid, and the other containing both a flexible bPhe as well as a backbone constraining Alpha Phe (alpha,beta-dehydrophenylalanine) amino acid. Electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction experiments revealed that these new di-peptides can self-assemble into nanotubes having different properties than the native Phe-Phe nanotubes. These nanotubes were stable over a broad range of temperatures and the introduction of non-natural amino acids provided them with stability against the action of nonspecific proteases. Moreover, these dipeptides showed no cytotoxicity towards HeLa and L929 cells, and were able to encapsulate small drug molecules. We further showed that anticancerous drug mitoxantrone was more efficient in killing HeLa and B6F10 cells when entrapped in nanotubes as compared to free mitoxantrone. Therefore, these beta-phenylalanine and alpha, beta-dehydrophenylalanine containing dipeptide nanotubes may be useful in the development of biocompatible and proteolytically stable drug delivery vehicles.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: copyright for this article belongs to ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, THOMAS GRAHAM HOUSE, SCIENCE PARK, MILTON RD, CAMBRIDGE CB4 0WF, CAMBS, ENGLAND
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: Id for Latest eprints
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2014 10:08
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2019 07:07
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/49199

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